No matter how you look at it, FDM technology has more or less reached its full potential, with 3D printing materials as one of the few areas with room for improvement. The printing process invented and mastered by Stratasys will never become that much faster or more accurate than it is today, simply because of technological restrictions and chemical properties of thermoplastics. That is the main reason, that most FDM 3D printers in the world print the same. So, what can you do to stand out from the crowd? If you can`t go faster or better, the only options left are to go cheaper or bigger. Most companies chooses the first path, because it’s simpler. Only few have decided to go the hard way and create really big machines. BigRep One, German RepRap X1000, and the Builder Extreme 1000 are good examples. But there’s a new company that has recently joined the huge FDM 3D printer club: Polish manufacturer Monkeyfab, who unveiled their latest machine, the monumental KILO.

Monkeyfab KILO 3D printer with 1 cubic meter work area

Monkeyfab is one of the longest running and most notable 3D printers manufacturer in Poland. Founded in 2012, Monkeyfab has had an enormous impact on establishing the Polish RepRap community, as well as stimulating its growth. At the end of 2013, the company presented its flagship product, PRIME 3D, which was a modified version of the classic Prusa i3 design. Even though it was “just another Prusa”, to this day it’s an outstanding machine – one of the very first RepRap 3D printers free of 3D printed elements, with every component cut out from steel and polycarbonate. PRIME is highly accurate, super fast, and dead silent. PRIME can print using every filament on the market, is equipped with 32-bit electronics, and still costs less than €1000. Did I mentioned that it may be the only RepRap 3D printer with an autosave option, that allows users to continue a print after the printer has been shut off off due to a loss of power?

White Eagle and PRIME 3D printer

The Polish White Eagle printed by the PRIME 3D printer.

The company is run by two brothers – Piotr and Pawel Twardo. The Twardo brothers have always emphasized that they are designing their 3D printers primarily for their own usage, and, because they are true perfectionists, the quality of their machines is so superb. But Monkeyfab is well-known in the Polish 3D printing industry not only for their 3D printers, but also for their unique designs. The most famous are a 3D printed, five-foot-tall White Eagle, the emblem of Poland, as well as a wooden replica of a historic sculpture by legendary artist Wit Stwosz, 3D printed from woodFill.

Wit-Stwosz 3D printed in woodfill

Because Monkeyfab likes to print big things, they needed a big machine, one of the reasons that KILO was brought to life.  KILO was unveiled this past weekend (April 24th-26th) during CAxInnovation – a 3D printing event that took place in the famous Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw. The machine is still an early stage prototype, but knowing The Twardo brothers very well, I’m confident they will carry out the project to the desired end.

Monkeyfab KILO 3D printer printing

The technical specification of KILO 3D printer will be as follows:

  • working area: 92 x 86 x 80 cm
  • heated printbed (the current version does not have one yet) lowered on four ball screws
  • auto-calibration of the printbed
  • control motors: servo encoders, to prevent loss of step
  • steel frame, closed working area (currently it is open and based on steel profiles)
  • replaceable printheads: currently mounted nozzle has a diameter of 1 mm
  • the possibility of adding multiple printheads
  • cleaning brushes for printheads (currently not available yet)
  • filament flow control system – at a time when the 3D printer receives signal that filament is blocked or ends on a roll, the printhead will travel to the side and the 3D printer will report a failure/the need to replace the filament
  • autosave function
  • dedicated, in-house electronics (currently KILO works with 32-bit Sunbeam 2.0)
  • heated working chamber (currently not available yet, but design allows for it in the future).

The price of KILO is not yet known. Monkeyfab is going to work hard to finish the 3D printer as soon as possible, and also intends to hire new engineers to work exclusively on the KILO project.

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